Formic Acid:

Formic Acid one of the best quality chemicals which has the scientific name is called Methanoic Acid. It has the lowest molecular weight and HCOOH or HCO2H is its chemical formula as well as it is the simplest of the carboxylic acids. It is a significant intermediate in chemical synthesis and occurs naturally most particularly in ant venom. Its name comes from the Latin word for ant Formica referring to its early separation by the distillation of ant bodies. Salts, esters as well as the anions resulting from formic acid, are referred to the formats.

Formic acid occurs organically in the poison of cutting insects particularly ants. Some kinds of ant have ovipositors which have evolved into stingers that distribute painful, grating venom. Others are capable of the squirting jets of liquid at aggressor from venom sacs which evolved to make the formic acid. The spray is can be reason painful and debilitating burns to predators, and can go away humans with grating welts. The Latin word for ant, "formica," gives its name both to the ant families Formicate, and to the formic acid.

Formic acid is the neutral liquid having an extremely pungent, penetrating odorant room temperature. It is a usually occurring intermediate in cellular metabolism and is excreted in urine as the regular physiological manufactured goods. Acid formic is produced as degradation manufactured goods of certain amino acids. E.g., methionine, serine and glycine, as well as of several natural substances such as methanol and acetone.

Use of formic acid as the leather manufacturing to the control pH, as well as in acid dyeing. Most applications are require for the formic acid in the concentrations of 85%, 90%, 94% and 99% the 85% creation accounts for the most important part of the worldwide demand and is careful in the industry standard. In many instances formic acid is used to the control of the pH of chemical processes.

One of the most general industrial uses of formic acid is in the manufacture of leather. Because it is so acidic, formic acid has verified itself to be wonderful for use in this method. When used properly, formats can deeply increase the absorbing capability of otherwise smooth surfaces as well as support to the deduction of these surfaces with the equipment and extra technologies. Agriculture accounts for the extremely high percentage of formic acid make use of worldwide. Because of its natural antibacterial properties formic acid has been achieved very high use as both a clean preservative and pesticide. In addition to providing a positive level of clean support formic acid really allows grass to start fermentation at a lower temperature, deeply reducing the generally time that it takes to manufacture as increasing the nutritional importance of the complete product.

Formic Acid Specifications

Total Acidity as HCOOH

85 percent by mass min.



Total Insoluble Matter

To pass the test

Heavy Metals as Pb

20 ppm maximum

Chlorides as Cl

0.005% maximum by mass

Non Volatile Matter

0.08 percent maximum by mass

Sulphate as SO4

0.005% maximum by weight

Iron as Fe

50 ppm maximum

Melting Point

(-) 15°C

Boiling Point


Specific Gravity

1.192 at 25 deg. C



UN No.



Formic Acid Uses

• Utilized as a coagulant for obtaining rubber from latex.

• As an auxiliary for declining as well as pickling of fur, fixing of dyes in leather industry and in processing in textile industry.

• As an intermediate in manufacturing of basic drugs, pesticides, vulcanization accelerators, plant protection agents, antioxidants and also cleaning agents.

• Apply in preservation of silage and also grams.

• Used in electroplating and as a solvent as well.


Packaging and Supply:


It is available in 35 kg (net) HDPE carboys and in Stainless Steel tankers.


Available in 35 kg HDPE carboys and 250 kg HDPE drums.

In bulk it is also available in 20-23 MTs ISO tanks

All the packings are UN/IMDG approved.